Tackle & Equipment
Tackle and equipment you will require will vary depending on the location and timing of your fishing and of course your chosen technique.
A basic outfit of rod, reel and line, plus a few lures are all that is necessary to give the novice a chance of catching trout.
A wide brimmed hat is essential, along with quality sun screen, during the summer. Generally you can wade in shorts but lightweight trousers or waders are often used.
Spin Fishing Basics
The reel is the most important part of a spinning outfit and, like most things in life, you get what you pay for. Buy the best you can afford. Reels are available in right or left-hand wind or ambidextrous models. Buy a right or left hand wind model, whichever suits you. There is no point in paying for an ambidextrous model if you are going to use the handle on the same side all the time. The essentials for a good reel are trouble-free operation, lightness but large enough to carry sufficient line, but not so big as to be cumbersome.
The rod should be from 1.80m to 2.40m long and as light at possible but with enough power to cast the weight of lure you will regularly use. The handle should be comfortable to hold and the reel fitting secure. Guides lined with a tough ceramic material are preferable to chromed wire ones as they won’t wear out or develop sharp edges to chafe the line. The price of rod varies according to the material it is made from, glass being the cheapest, and boron the dearest and carbon fibre somewhere in between. The quality of reel fitting and guides also adds to the price. Again buy the best you can afford.
Use a nylon fibre monofilament line of 3-4kg breaking strain. Such a line should be capable of landing most fish in all but the most adverse conditions.
A small spool of nylon of slightly lower breaking strain than the main line is advisable. A short piece of this thinner line is connected to the main line by a swivel, which also prevents spinning lures from kinking the main line. The other end of the trace is tied directly to the lure. This prevents the loss of the main line when a lure becomes irretrievably snagged, as this weak link will break first.
Equipment for different techniques:
Shore-based spin anglers should use a 6’6 or 7’ rod and good quality reel with 6 pound line. Small 7gram or 10gram lures such as Cobras, Rapalas and Tobys work most effectively.
Anglers wishing to target lake trout can also use techniques such as jigging, lead lining, trolling and harling.
For fly fishers, a six or seven weight fly rod with a weight forward or double taper line, nine foot leader and plenty of backing will be adequate for most fishing conditions. If you wish to target smaller waters a five weight rod would be more appropriate as would an eight weight rod when targeting large rivers or lakes in the winter. Salmon fishing requires specialised equipment.
Local sports shops and Fish & Game New Zealand offices provide detailed information on all fishing techniques.
For more information, please contact a regional Fish & Game office or the New Zealand Council on (04) 499 4767 or fax (04) 499 4768.